Philippine Social Science Journal 2024-02-07T09:13:32+00:00 Dennis Madrigal Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;">The Philippine Social Science Journal is an international indexed peer-reviewed journal published by the Recoletos de Bacolod Graduate School of the University of Negros Occidental-Recoletos. It publishes original and quality scientific papers dealing with social science allied disciplines such as anthropology, human geography, demography, business, management, economics, education, psychology, criminal justice, political science, social policy, international relations, sociology, law, media studies, history, health and well-being, and religion.&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">As an international indexed refereed journal, PSSJ continuously commits itself to provide a mentoring space for researchers and scientists to publish original and unpublished scholarly papers that can foster new knowledge and understanding of various societal issues and become the basis for policies and programs to enhance organizational practices and improve the quality of life.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">ISSN: 2672-3107 (Print) and 2704-288X (Online)</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> An Environmentally Friendly Alternative Method of Producing Religious Images for Philippine Holy Week Tableaus 2024-02-06T13:19:13+00:00 Feorillo Petronillo A. Demeterio III <p>This paper presents a proposed process of making Philippine Holy Week sacred images from clay, plaster, and paper fiber instead of the more precious wood from the country's shrinking forests. This paper theoretically established the durability of the product and environmental soundness of this alternative process compared to the traditional wood carving or the more recent resin casting by thoroughly describing this alternative process by understanding the notion of durability based on the traditionally preferred woods among <em>santeros</em>, by understanding the conservation status of these preferred woods, and by undertaking comparative calculations of the environmental impacts of the productions of the three current alternatives. This paper is significant because it proposes a sustainable way of assuring the continued existence of the Filipino cultural tradition of making and presenting Holy Week images.</p> 2024-02-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Philippine Social Science Journal Parental Perception of Child Behavior and Parental Abuse as Predictors of Delinquent Behavior among Adolescents in a Military Cantonment in Ibadan, Nigeria 2024-02-06T13:20:16+00:00 Emmanuel E. Uye Patience N. Ezeh Peter O. Olapegba <p>The study investigated the parental perception of child behavior and parental abuse as predictors of delinquent behavior among adolescents in a Military Cantonment in Ibadan, Nigeria. The study adopted a cross-sectional survey design using accidental sampling to sample 200 adolescents for data collection using validated scales. Data collected were analyzed using multiple regression and t-tests of independent samples. The results showed that parental perception of child behavior and parental abuse jointly predicted delinquent behavior among adolescents. Also, parental abuse independently predicted delinquent behavior while parental perception of child behavior did not. Finally, male adolescents scored higher on the delinquent behavior scale than female adolescents. The study concluded that parental perception and parental abuse are strong predictors of delinquent behavior among adolescents in a military cantonment. Therefore, it is recommended that parents should discourage negative behavior such as shouting and beating and encourage positive behavior such as positive relationships and encouragement to their children.</p> 2024-02-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Philippine Social Science Journal The Online Help-Seeking Behaviors of Middle Adolescent Students with Migrant Mothers 2024-02-07T09:13:32+00:00 Kyzzell Nichole Z. Poserio Rhoda Joy A. Avila <p>The relevance of accessing care and support has been found to be valuable in sustaining well-being among adolescents. However, only a few studies have been conducted to understand the online help-seeking behaviors of middle adolescent students whose mothers work abroad. Thus, the study aimed to uncover the nature of online help-seeking behaviors and explore the facilitators and barriers to these behaviors. Ten (10) middle adolescent students were interviewed, and their experiences revealed several key themes using the phenomenological method. The findings revealed that the online help-seeking behaviors of left-behind adolescents include the availability of a helper, reaching out, self-reliance, and coping strategies. Additionally, facilitating factors include convenience and safe space, and hindering factors consist of the unavailability of helpers and negative perceptions toward help sources. The results highlighted the importance of leveraging informal support networks, seeking professional help, and maintaining communication with migrant mothers among middle adolescents.</p> 2024-02-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Philippine Social Science Journal The Relationship between Resilience, Wellbeing, and Psychological Distress as Mediated by Mindfulness and Coping 2024-02-06T13:20:54+00:00 Jose J. Pangngay <p>Determining the multifaceted antecedents of mental health and psychological distress offers valuable insights into the intricate interplay of factors that influence individuals' wellbeing. Hence, this paper aimed to assess the causal relationship of resilience to subjective wellbeing and psychological distress as mediated by mindfulness and coping. Using a non-experimental mediation design, 365 college students recruited through stratified random sampling were administered with online self-report measures measuring resilience, subjective wellbeing, psychological distress, mindfulness, and coping. Parallel mediation analysis was used to analyze the data. Results revealed that mindfulness, adaptive, and maladaptive coping partially mediated the predictive association of resilience to wellbeing. Moreover, mindfulness and maladaptive coping partially mediated the predictive association of resilience to psychological distress. These findings provide a practical framework for outcome-based resilience intervention programs where interventionists would heavily emphasize enhancing resilience, mindfulness, and adaptive coping to achieve good mental health outcomes.</p> 2024-02-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Philippine Social Science Journal Characterizing the Resilience of Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) and Its Causal Determinants Amid the Health Crisis 2024-02-06T13:21:14+00:00 G-mar D. Mondragon Leomarich F. Casinillo Analita A. Salabao <p>Business resilience is the ability to quickly recover from difficulties and continue operating by applying innovative strategies. The article aims to document the resilience level of micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs) in the Pacific towns of Southern Leyte, Philippines, and capture its causal determinants amid the health crisis using descriptive correlational research design. Using a research-made questionnaire, cross-sectional and primary data were collected from a random sample of MSMEs and were summarized using statistical measures. The significant determinants of the resilience of MSMEs were determined using the Chi-square test for independence via cross-tabulation of categorical data. Results depicted that, on average, MSMEs during the pandemic are "resilient", particularly in their situational awareness, keystone vulnerabilities, and adaptive capacity as they combat the disruption of the health crisis. The Chi-square test reveals that age, civil status, business job position of the MSMEs' personnel, and the estimated monthly income of the enterprise are the highly significant factors that affect the resilience of MSMEs during the health crisis. In particular, younger age, single status, and owner of the enterprise are more active and creative in digital business technology, which increases their resilience in response to challenges brought about by the pandemic. Moreover, enterprises with lower incomes do adopt innovative business strategies that improve economic resilience and profit. Furthermore, the study suggests that enterprises must consider strategic plans and goals to enhance their capability in risk management as they will face future crises.</p> 2024-02-02T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Philippine Social Science Journal Thinking Skills and Learning Interest in World History of Junior High Students in a Public School 2024-02-07T09:09:42+00:00 Raichelle Joy P. Montelibano Joel M. Bual Dennis V. Madrigal <p>World History's importance lies in its ability to enhance thinking skills and interest in understanding global events. Therefore, assessing students' thinking skills and interests is necessary to determine their inclination toward the discipline. Based on Cognitive Development Theory, this study aimed to assess the level of thinking skills and learning interests and their correlative relationship. A descriptive-correlational approach was used, and validated and reliability-tested questionnaires were administered to 294 junior high school students in a public school in Bacolod City, Philippines. The mean, standard deviation, and Spearman rank correlation were used for data analysis. Students displayed average thinking skills and a high level of learning interest. Additionally, no significant correlation was found between students' thinking skills and their interest in learning world history. This invalidated the anchored theory. Hence, continuous improvements in employing strategies are recommended to public school teachers to boost students' critical thinking abilities and engagement in the subject.</p> 2024-02-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Philippine Social Science Journal Agritourism in Central Luzon, Philippines: Status, Challenges, and Pathways to Sustainable Growth 2024-02-06T13:19:30+00:00 Sherwin S. Alar <p>This study explores the status, challenges, and pathways to sustainable growth in Central Luzon, Philippines agritourism. Data from agritourism trainers, farm owners, trainees, and stakeholders are analyzed using a descriptive research design and statistical tools such as Multivariate Tests, Wilks' Lambda (Exact Statistic), and Spearman's Rank-Order Correlation. The research identifies significant variations in agritourism status across site characteristics and underscores the importance of tailored management approaches. Moreover, it reveals a positive correlation between knowledge acquisition and utilization, emphasizing the role of training in enhancing agritourism practices. Despite challenges like waste management and bureaucratic hurdles, agritourism is recognized as a valuable driver of economic development in Central Luzon, offering opportunities for rural communities and sustainable agriculture. This study's implications inform policymakers, educators, and government officials, providing insights for agritourism program development and policy formulation, ultimately contributing to regional economic growth and community well-being.</p> 2024-02-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Philippine Social Science Journal