Philippine Social Science Journal <p style="text-align: justify;">The Philippine Social Science Journal is an international indexed peer-reviewed journal published by the Recoletos de Bacolod Graduate School of the University of Negros Occidental-Recoletos. It publishes original and quality scientific papers dealing with social science allied disciplines such as anthropology, human geography, demography, business, management, economics, education, psychology, criminal justice, political science, social policy, international relations, sociology, law, media studies, history, health and well-being, and religion.&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">As an international indexed refereed journal, PSSJ continuously commits itself to provide a mentoring space for researchers and scientists to publish original and unpublished scholarly papers that can foster new knowledge and understanding of various societal issues and become the basis for policies and programs to enhance organizational practices and improve the quality of life.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">ISSN: 2672-3107 (Print) and 2704-288X (Online)</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> University of Negros Occidental-Recoletos Graduate School en-US Philippine Social Science Journal 2672-3107 The Rise of Telemedicine in the Philippines during COVID-19: A Systematic Review of Utilization Trends and Patient Outcomes <p>The study discussed the telemedicine trends in the Philippines during the COVID-19 pandemic from 2019 to 2023. Determining the frequency of use of telemedicine, the factors that influenced its use before and during the COVID-19 pandemic, and the effects of telemedicine in improving the healthcare system in the Philippines. A systematic review was conducted using thematic analysis and the PRISMA checklist. The results presented a pattern indicating that teleconsultation usage corresponded to increased COVID-19 cases. Furthermore, telemedicine utilization surged from March 2020 to March 2022, with video consultations increasing from 5 to 495 monthly visits between 2019 and 2022. The study concluded that it was driven by increased mobile phone usage, improved patient satisfaction, government support, and increased video consultations, offering alternative healthcare delivery. Future studies should include more regions and timeframes to comprehensively present telemedicine trends in the Philippines.</p> Yentl Kierstein C. Aban Jashley V. Abunto Jioe Vincent Earl P. Aliorde Nykos Carmelo M. Benson Erikah Rein U. Figueroa Jan Angela D. Masiddo Justin Erol C. Pabustan Franco Rigor M. Legatub Copyright (c) 2024 Philippine Social Science Journal 2024-04-05 2024-04-05 6 4 9 18 10.52006/main.v6i4.876 Towards a Culturally Sensitive Model of Therapeutic Alliance: Exploring the Role of Filipino Values and Shared Realities <p>This article aims to develop a model of the therapeutic alliance for psychotherapy guided by the concepts of <em>Loob, Pakikibahagi ng Loob, </em>and the framework offered by the Shared Reality Model. The conceptualization is anchored on data from a qualitative survey with 15 Filipino client-therapist dyads living in the Philippines. In the proposed model, client-therapist dynamics are viewed under two levels of analyses: (a) intrapersonal level (inner world or <em>katangiang panloob</em>) – that includes clients’ and therapists’ personality, values, and beliefs; (b) interpersonal level (relational world or <em>ugnayang panloob</em>) – that encapsulates the client-therapist relationship known as the therapeutic alliance. The model hypothesizes that a shared reality (<em>pakikibahagi</em>) in the form of shared inner world (<em>pakikibahagi ng katangiang panloob</em>) and shared relational world (<em>pakikibahagi ng ugnayang panloob</em>) contribute to psychological well-being. Implications for clinical practice, Sikolohiyang Pilipino theorizing, and directions for further research are explored in this paper.</p> John Robert C. Rilveria Copyright (c) 2024 Philippine Social Science Journal 2024-04-05 2024-04-05 6 4 19 32 10.52006/main.v6i4.875 Thriving in College: A Qualitative Exploration of High-Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder in the Philippine Higher Education Landscape <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">This study explored the experiences of students diagnosed with High Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder (HF ASD) in higher education. It also investigated academic challenges in the mainstream, learning the coping strategies and opportunities of the existing special support programs. Data were analyzed through the integration of Yin's five phases of analysis, ensuring that it complements the stages of the multiple case study methodology and a structured, in-depth exploration of the data. The study enlisted a diverse group of participants across the Philippines. Findings underscored the resilience and adaptability of the participants to enhance a transformative impact of education for the special student population<strong>.</strong> Relevant concerns related to social interactions, the importance of inclusive environments, and the significance of self-advocacy, empowerment, and familial and peer support for academic success are highlighted. In conclusion, the study recommends the establishment of on-campus counseling services tailored to HF ASD students and advocates for the fostering of inclusive and supportive higher education environments. This research contributes valuable insights for developing targeted interventions and support systems to enhance the overall well-being and success of HF ASD students thriving in the college setting.</span></p> Analyn Roquita M. Ripotola Maria Lourdes L. Chavez Copyright (c) 2024 Philippine Social Science Journal 2024-04-05 2024-04-05 6 4 33 42 10.52006/main.v6i4.873 Developing a Cross-Cultural Competence Scale for Pre-Service Teachers: A Filipino Case Study <p>As classrooms grow increasingly diverse, cross-cultural competence (CCC) becomes imperative for pre-service teachers to create inclusive, equitable learning environments. Hence, this study focuses on developing a cross-cultural competence scale specifically for pre-service teachers that highlights the dynamic nature of education and the need to foster inclusivity amid increasing classroom diversity, aiming to address gaps concerning assessment tools dedicated explicitly for pre-service teachers. Exploratory factor analysis of an initial 29-item scale assessing knowledge, teaching flexibility, willingness to engage students, and cultural empathy administered to 109 Filipino pre-service teachers' responses ultimately yielded a 22-item, two-factor structure with sound psychometric properties: "Attitudes Toward Culturally Diverse Students" and "Cultural Knowledge and Teaching Flexibility." The factors align well with the conceptual domains of cognitive, affective, and psychomotor learning. This research significantly contributes a contextualized CCC instrument that enhances multicultural education and evaluates pre-service teachers' readiness for diverse classrooms, aligning with the educational dynamic imperative. In summary, this research makes an invaluable contribution to teacher training and multicultural education by developing a targeted and rigorously validated assessment tool.</p> Jhaynee Lou P. Tudayan Justin Ian N. Ogoy Jose J. Pangngay Copyright (c) 2024 Philippine Social Science Journal 2024-04-05 2024-04-05 6 4 43 50 10.52006/main.v6i4.869 Textual Poachers and Fandom Dynamics: A Study of Filipino College Students <p>In the realm of contemporary culture, fandom, particularly among the youth, has become a focal point due to its participatory nature, fostering active engagement and creative expression. Coined by Henry Jenkins in 1992, fan culture, or "Textual Poaching," highlights fans' dual roles as consumers and creators within various media landscapes. This research investigates the engagement patterns of Filipino college students within their respective fandoms, employing Jenkins' framework of participatory culture as a theoretical scaffold. Utilizing a qualitative methodology, the study scrutinized 175 student artifacts to elucidate how members of fandoms articulate their affiliations and negotiate communal dynamics. Findings suggest students' decisions to affiliate with particular fandoms depend on their immediate needs, interests, and social standing. Fandoms centered around online gaming, entertainment media, and cinematic or televisual narratives are deemed valuable by students, providing inclusive spaces for social interaction, and constructing personal identity.</p> Amor Jude Thadeus F. Soriano Copyright (c) 2024 Philippine Social Science Journal 2024-04-05 2024-04-05 6 4 51 62 10.52006/main.v6i4.842 Preserving Heritage in Diaspora: A Study of Kapampangan Identity in Winnipeg <p>The preservation of ethnic identity in a host society requires the ability of an individual to manage a balance between the need to adapt and the desire to remain connected to one's roots. Thus, this article investigates how the <em>Kapampangans</em>, one of the major ethnic groups in the Philippines, imagine and preserve their culture and ethnic identities in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. Five (5) Kapampangan participants were identified through the snowball technique. It was found that the Canadian government supports individuals in preserving their culture and identity through programs, activities, and communities. <em>Kapampangans</em> utilize their native language, provide Kapampangan cuisine, and revive the Kapampangan spirit through festivities and gatherings to maintain their ethnic identity. These individuals acknowledged that maintaining one's identity in a foreign country like Canada depends upon how strongly one wishes to uphold his culture and tradition. This study offers valuable insights for Filipinos, <em>Kapampangans,</em> scholars, and other countries with an increasing number of such ethnic immigrants. This may also impart knowledge for migration studies and other related courses.</p> Wilma M. Cruz Feorillo Petronilo A. Demeterio III Copyright (c) 2024 Philippine Social Science Journal 2024-04-05 2024-04-05 6 4 63 71 10.52006/main.v6i4.882 Leadership and Challenges: A Phenomenological Exploration of Teacher-Principals in the Philippines <p>This qualitative study employed a descriptive phenomenological approach to explore the experiences of school principals who also serve as teachers in Leyte and Southern Leyte, Philippines. Thirty school heads, selected based on experience, marital status, and willingness to participate, provided insights through a Pre-Survey form and semi-structured interviews. Thematic analysis (Colaizzi's method) revealed challenges in teaching strategies, behavior management, technology integration, and parental communication, while strategic management skills included prioritization, planning, and stress management. Findings have implications for policy development, professional development programs, and curriculum design, benefiting scholars, practitioners, and policymakers. The study highlights the unique experiences of teacher-principals, contributing to scholarly dialogue on educational leadership. Recommendations emphasize ongoing strategic management training, self-assessment, and collaborative input. By exploring innovative teaching strategies and sharing insights, teacher-principals can enhance collective educational knowledge. This study offers valuable perspectives on educational leadership, guiding policies and practices for a more effective and responsive educational system.</p> Melbert O. Hungo Leomarich Casinillo Dennis V. Madrigal Copyright (c) 2024 Philippine Social Science Journal 2024-04-05 2024-04-05 6 4 72 84 10.52006/main.v6i4.805 Unveiling the Recipe for Disaster Vulnerability: A Multidimensional Analysis in Dumaguete City, Philippines <p>Disaster vulnerability is not just a condition but a consequence of the interactions of natural and social factors. From this viewpoint, it is imperative to consider both natural and social factors when planning effective disaster risk reduction strategies. This study sought to determine factors that predict disaster vulnerability. Specifically, this research determined the associations between several socio-ecological dimensions (e.g., environmental, social, and economic profile), coping capacity, disaster preparedness, and disaster vulnerability of selected households in Dumaguete city. Using snowball sampling, a descriptive correlational design was used to collect data from self-report surveys of non-probable samples of 150 households from different disaster-prone barangays. Frequency count, weighted mean, and standard deviation were used to describe the data, and a multiple linear regression analysis was done to test the study's hypotheses. Findings show that the respondents manifested moderate levels of coping capacity and disaster preparedness while having high levels of disaster vulnerability. The study revealed that disaster preparedness and coping capacity were negatively correlated to disaster vulnerability. Aside from coping capacity and disaster preparedness, environmental, social, and economic profiles were also noted to predict disaster vulnerability significantly. Environmental profile was the most vital determinant of the participants’ perceived disaster vulnerability. To better prepare for disasters, it is suggested that city disaster risk reduction strategies focus on helping vulnerable barangays develop better adaptive capacities and manage environmental hazards. This could include providing training on essential hazard management and creating income-generating opportunities to offset the adverse effects of disasters.</p> John Vincent E. Lacuesta Copyright (c) 2024 Philippine Social Science Journal 2024-04-05 2024-04-05 6 4 85 95 10.52006/main.v6i4.819 Fostering Ethical Behavior in Omani Undergraduates: The Role of Self-Transcendence and Ethics Education <p>A student should understand and uphold the greatest moral and ethical standards in their community and society through education. The student will eventually intuitively acquire these moral and ethical principles from schools and universities. This research explores the impact of four personal values (openness to change, self-transcendence, conservation, and self-enhancement) on the ethical behavior of undergraduate students in Oman. The study used a quantitative methodology, analyzing data from a questionnaire using descriptive statistics. Data was submitted by Omani university students in the Ad Dakhlia region of Oman. One hundred seventy-nine undergraduate students were chosen using simple random techniques. Partial least squares (PLS) techniques and structural equation modeling were employed in the study to evaluate the research variables. The results showed that ethical training and self-transcendence significantly affect students' moral behavior. However, personal values such as conservation, openness to change, and self-enhancement have no significant effect on students' ethical behavior. Integrating ethics education into curricula could foster integrity. It can be&nbsp;concluded&nbsp;that the significance of moral principles and practical applications-focused ethics education programs—especially those that emphasize self-transcendence—is imperative. Potential outcomes of this research include increased moral behavior among Oman's students through effective moral education and awareness of ethical principles to support moral decision-making in various cultural circumstances. This article makes both theoretical and practical contributions. In particular, support HEIs in developing customized ethics education programs for Oman. Theoretically, highlighting ethical education and principles like self-transcendence helps to understand critical ethical factors and directs future research at this connection.</p> Nemah Marzooq Alalawi Hajar Saleem AlJunaibi Mohammed Muneerali Thottoli Copyright (c) 2024 Philippine Social Science Journal 2024-04-05 2024-04-05 6 4 96 105 10.52006/main.v6i4.859