Philippine Social Science Journal <p style="text-align: justify;">The Philippine Social Science Journal is an international indexed peer-reviewed journal published by the Recoletos de Bacolod Graduate School of the University of Negros Occidental-Recoletos. It publishes original and quality papers dealing with social science. It also includes anthropology, human geography, demography, business, management, economics, education, psychology, criminal justice, political science, social policy, international relations, sociology, law, media studies, history, health and well-being, and religion.&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">As an international indexed refereed journal, PSSJ continuously commits itself to provide a mentoring space for researchers and scientists to publish original and unpublished scholarly papers that can foster new knowledge and understanding of various societal issues and become the basis for policies and programs to enhance organizational practices and improve the quality of life.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">ISSN: 2672-3107 (Print) and 2704-288X (Online)</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> en-US (Dennis Madrigal) (Alvin) Wed, 10 Aug 2022 12:55:05 +0800 OJS 60 “Tagay ta, Bai!”: The Social Dynamics of Filipino Social Drinking <p>This study investigated the social dynamics of Filipino social drinking, or "<em>tagay</em>". It aimed to answer the following: (1) define <em>tagay</em> as a distinct drinking culture; (2) determine the technicalities and rules of <em>tagay</em>; and (3) assess the perceptions and interpretations of the participants on <em>tagay</em>. This study employed the qualitative research design through the ethnographic method as the primary research technique. <em>Tagay</em> is engaged by people for reasons usually celebratory and enjoyable in nature. It possesses social dynamics and elements which gear its conduct- rules, time and place, behaviors, gender and power relations, material components, roles, mechanisms, definitions, and functions. Differing through social considerations, the identity of <em>tagay</em> as a Filipino drinking culture remains distinct as embodied by a single drinking glass and continues to be dynamic and adaptive, relying on those who partake. <em>Tagay</em> becomes what it is depending on the perception of those who participate.</p> Jamaal S. Omamalin Copyright (c) 2022 Philippine Social Science Journal Tue, 09 Aug 2022 19:37:28 +0800 Why Do I Do What I Do? and For What and For Whom?: An Autoethnography of a Music Educator-Adult Learner <p>This autoethnography investigates my role as a music educator -adult learner within the context of choral pedagogy. To answer my questions, I drew from my childhood experiences and discovered that "modelling behavior” is an exemplary pedagogical tool for expedited but efficient choral rehearsal. This led to the development of the Guided Partnered Model (GPM), which has shaped the learners, choir members, and my music appreciation, developing self-esteem, self-worth, and musicianship. The ethnography method was used for data collection, and writing was assembled through hindsight. Furthermore, data analysis was gleaned from narrative inquiry, finding that the expressions of knowledge, skills, and values evidenced through stage performances have resulted in self-affirmation. This provided reflective opportunities to develop this autoethnography. This article could benefit choral conductors and music educators by enjoining them to refocus and reflect on their responsibilities and accountabilities that may enable them to discover innovative pedagogies in their classrooms.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Elizabeth Susan V. Suarez Copyright (c) 2022 Philippine Social Science Journal Tue, 09 Aug 2022 19:47:33 +0800 Ma’am Mom: An Autoethnography of Being a Teacher and a Mother during the COVID–19 Pandemic <p>When the COVID-19 pandemic happened, people and sectors of society needed to adjust specific norms and standards to fit into the demands of the time. This paper is an autoethnography of my experiences as a mother-teacher during the peak of the pandemic. It is in the context of my experiences and other mother-teachers working from home, conflicts in the roles played by mother-teachers at home, the expectation of society, and social norms. It is about how I perceived my reproductive and productive roles. Moreover, I interviewed mother-teachers, and their stories served as counter and conforming narratives to my narratives. The following are emerging themes: the unprecedented time; a mother is born; off the rhythm; and silver lining. These themes discussed the various phases mother-teachers grappled upon and triumphed. Writing this autoethnography was a therapeutic experience for the high emotions I had to deal with during the pandemic.</p> Ma. Albina A. Serra-Labrador Copyright (c) 2022 Philippine Social Science Journal Tue, 09 Aug 2022 20:23:51 +0800 Half-Way from Home: An Autoethnography of Being a Locally Stranded Student during the COVID-19 Pandemic <p>Quarantine measures to contain the spread of COVID-19 resulted in millions of Filipinos getting stranded. Using autoethnography, this paper is a layered account of my experience as a locally stranded individual, particularly how I coped and used certain privileges to get out from such a dreadful experience. I conveyed my story by also incorporating different voices through related literature and interviews of other stranded students. My journey begins with downplaying the pandemic's severity to coming to terms with my vulnerability at that time. Being stranded is akin to being stuck in limbo, overcoming the obstacles and challenges to get home, and realizing the importance of privilege in times of hardship. The coping strategies used while stranded reflect the distinct Filipino ways of coping, such as <em>bayanihan</em>, <em>pag-tiis</em>, and <em>utang na loob</em>. Writing this autoethnography has proven therapeutic and allowed me to see my experience in a wider context.</p> Rianne Kate V. Reyes Copyright (c) 2022 Philippine Social Science Journal Tue, 09 Aug 2022 20:34:34 +0800 Fighting a Battle Alone: Experiences of COVID-19 Survivors of Mandatory Isolation <p>This study determined the experiences of the COVID-19 survivors during their mandatory isolation. Descriptive phenomenology is the research design used in the study. Snowball sampling was utilized to determine the 24 participants of the study. The data was gathered through an online semi-structured interview conducted via Google Meet and Zoom, two video communication applications. Thematic analysis was utilized to develop themes based on the responses from the COVID-19 survivors who served as participants. The study generated four themes with twelve sub-themes. The study revealed that mental health impacts how the participants perceive, feel, behave, and perform, as well as how they plan, handle stress, and interact with others. The participants' mental health has been compromised because of the mandatory isolation, and they expressed a wide range of psychological emotions, including stress, fear, anxiety, and loneliness, that may impact their mental health. Daily communication and entertainment, an optimistic mindset, and praying regularly are the coping mechanisms identified in the study. Coping mechanisms were developed to determine the activities made by the participants to mitigate the impact of mandatory isolation on their mental health. Furthermore, the study also recommends that future researchers must explore the mental health of a larger group of isolated individuals.</p> Eric M. Ragpala Copyright (c) 2022 Philippine Social Science Journal Tue, 09 Aug 2022 20:46:47 +0800 When the Tide is not Turning: Exploring the Mental Health of a Select Group of Filipino Youth Living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (YLHIV) <p>Literature from worldwide revealed that poor mental health is evident among youths living with HIV (YLHIV). However, literature exploring their mental health in the Philippines is limited despite the alarming increase of HIV cases among young people. Hence, this descriptive phenomenological study purported to characterize the mental health of a select group of Filipino YLHIV. In-depth interviews with ten fully consented male participants aged 18-30 were conducted. Field texts were subjected to Collaizi's (1978) seven-step data analysis method. Interestingly, the <em>Mental Health Tower of Youth Living with HIV </em>emerged after thoroughly analyzing the data. This model typifies the mental health of YLHIV, which operates in an environment where both internal and external pressures make them experience (a) disruptive thoughts, (b) depressive mood, and (c) deteriorative behavior. The study has vividly described the instability of the YLHIV's mental health. Therefore, it is vital to develop a mental health program specifically designed for youth living with HIV.</p> Benny S. Soliman, Allan B. de Guzman, Marc Eric S. Reyes Copyright (c) 2022 Philippine Social Science Journal Tue, 09 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0800 My Rainbow Bestie: Formation and Dissolution of Straight-Gay Friendship among Ilocano Men <p>In straight-gay friendship, diversity is recognized, respected, and celebrated. It is an unorthodox connection between heterosexual and gay men. The alliance is affected by the facilitating or constraining social forces of affectional orientation and traditional masculinity. The qualitative study sought to explore and analyze the formation and dissolution of straight-gay friendships among 13 Ilocano men recruited through snowball and purposive sampling. <em>Pagtatanong-tanong</em>, an indigenous method of data gathering, was employed. Thematic analysis and investigator triangulation were performed for analysis and validation. Results revealed that for the formation phase, Ilocano men portrayed active and passive roles that shared interest, nourishing personality, and open-mindedness were strong social motivators. Likewise, the causes of possible dissolution were growing intimacy and physical distance. Termination can be either a direct or indirect approach. The understanding of this unorthodox alliance provided communal empathy and acceptance, and carried the mission to educate about the interaction of both communities. It is suggested that positive portrayals lessen stigma and discrimination.</p> Chester Alan R. Merza Copyright (c) 2022 Philippine Social Science Journal Tue, 09 Aug 2022 21:21:21 +0800 A Comparison of Demographic and Research Characteristics of Faculty in a Philippine Private University: Assessing Self-Efficacy, Attitude, and Interest <p>As the country shifts toward institutionalizing research-related activities for both basic and higher education, research productivity (RP) still exhibited low ratings, with most of the universities still developing their own research cultures. To keep up with this shift, the current paper aimed to provide an assessment of the current research characteristics (i.e., research self-efficacy, research attitudes, and research interests) of faculty members in a private university in Bacoor, Cavite. Focusing on a relatively small scale of faculty members (<em>n</em>= 49), the investigation tried to compare the faculty’s demographic profile and research characteristics to further understand the overall university faculty research productivity. The findings revealed that they have an above-average confidence level with their research skills, have a somewhat positive view of research, and are likely to be interested in doing research. The study found no significant differences among the participants' research characteristics when grouped according to their gender and educational attainment using Mann-Whitney U tests and Kruskal-Wallis tests. However, there is a significant difference in the research attitudes among different age groups. Results have provided an objective assessment of the current research characteristics of university faculty members that may inform potential research training programs.</p> Holden Kenneth G. Alcazaren, John Robby O. Robiños Copyright (c) 2022 Philippine Social Science Journal Tue, 09 Aug 2022 21:52:42 +0800 A Tracer Study of Public Administration and Governance and Development Management Graduate Programs of the University of Negros Occidental-Recoletos <p>The global demand for high-skilled professionals emphasized the role of higher education in career advancement. This descriptive tracer study of the Master in Public Administration and Governance (MPAG) and the Doctor of Philosophy in Development Management (PhD-DvM) programs aimed to establish a database on the profile of the graduates; the extent of practice of graduate attributes and the level of satisfaction with program delivery and implementation. Likewise, it investigated the challenges encountered by the graduates and their reasons for enrolment. Results revealed that majority were promoted to higher management positions; that the practice of graduate attributes in the workplace is to a very great extent; and graduates were very highly satisfied with the program delivery and implementation. Research rank highest, followed by faculty. While physical facilities and student services were rated high only. Among the challenges encountered by graduates are: thesis/dissertation writing, social relationships and work responsibilities, among others. Quality of graduate education, professors' competence, Catholic values, facilities, and research training were reasons for enrolling.</p> Shanee-Jee L. Nunez, Merlita V. Caelian, Dennis V. Madrigal Copyright (c) 2022 Philippine Social Science Journal Tue, 09 Aug 2022 22:07:31 +0800 Emotional Quotient and Teaching Performance of Selected Faculty in a Higher Education Institution in the Philippines <p>Teachers are significant in shaping the minds of the youth and contributing to the quality of education. Thus, examining the relationship between Emotional Quotient (EQ), profile, and faculty performance is important. The 175 faculty of a Higher Education Institution (HEI) in the Philippines were randomly selected. Employing Jerabek's (1996) Emotional Intelligence Test, EQ was found, on average, to indicate the faculty’s ability to recognize and deal with their own and others’ emotions effectively. Analysis of variance, regression, and Pearson Correlation revealed a significant positive correlation between teaching performance and their EQ, confirming that emotional intelligence influences teaching performance. Further, the combined impact of education and academic rank influences EQ, which may be the basis for further study. It is recommended that EQ be considered by HEIs when hiring faculty. Intelligence and emotional quotient are equally important in generating high performance. Therefore, the study may contribute to the significance of faculty's EQ on productivity.</p> Feliciana P. Jacoba, Arneil G. Gabriel, Olive Chester M. Cuya-Antonio, Corinthian M. Obispo, Jocelyn P. Gabriel Copyright (c) 2022 Philippine Social Science Journal Tue, 09 Aug 2022 22:28:23 +0800 Modeling Determinants of Challenge in Learning Statistics in Time of the COVID-19 Pandemic <p>During the COVID-19 pandemic, there were a lot of challenges encountered by students in learning statistics online that affected their cognitive attitudes. This study aims to evaluate the different determinants that significantly influenced the engineering students' level of challenge in learning statistics in the new normal with the aid of a structured questionnaire by means of a Google form survey. Descriptive statistics and multiple linear regression analysis were employed to extract meaningful information from the gathered data. Results showed that the students' perception score for the level of challenge in learning statistics is 7.37 (1.99), which can be interpreted as "challenging." This implies that students face challenges as they learn statistics lessons amid the pandemic setup. The regression models constructed have revealed that "age", "sex", "learning environment", "money spent on internet load", "physical health", and "creativity of statistics lessons" are the significant causal factors of the level of challenge in learning statistics. Conclusively, statistics teachers must adjust and be considerate to their students in regard to their learning needs in line with the pandemic setup. The government also must provide a budget for seminars and training to college teachers concerning distance education. Furthermore, it is recommended that statistics teachers must create an interesting learning environment to fully catch students' attention despite challenges.</p> Leomarich F. Casinillo Copyright (c) 2022 Philippine Social Science Journal Tue, 09 Aug 2022 22:40:53 +0800 Revenue Generation Program of Cities: Implementation, Effectiveness, Challenges, and Best Practices <p>Tax revenue from local sources constitutes a major source of income for local government units. In the ASEAN, revenues suffered a sharp downturn, due to the pandemic. In the Philippines, the slowdown in economic activities increased unemployment and decreased local revenues. This study determined the extent of implementation of revenue generation programs in cities for the fiscal years 2019-2020 as assessed by 312 implementers and 411 stakeholders. It also assessed the effectiveness of the collection strategies employed and investigated the challenges encountered as well as best practices in implementing revenue generation programs. Using descriptive analysis, the results revealed that the implementation of the revenue generation program is to a great extent. Collection strategies employed were found effective. Three groups of challenges emerged; challenges common to treasurers and assessors, for assessors and challenges for treasurers. The best practice recommended is adopting the electronic payment system. Implementation of revenue-generation programs using effective collection strategies results in self-reliant cities.</p> Ma. Ron-ron B. Pescador, Merlita V. Caelian Copyright (c) 2022 Philippine Social Science Journal Tue, 09 Aug 2022 22:59:50 +0800