EDITOR-IN-CHIEF

Prof. Dennis V. Madrigal, PhD, Graduate School Dean and Research Professor, University of Negros Occidental-Recoletos, Philippines; [Academic Expertise: research, evaluation, education, religion, religious studies, social science]

INTERNATIONAL EDITORIAL ADVISORY BOARD

Enrique G.Oracion, PhD, Professor, Department of Anthropology and Sociology and  Director, Research and Development Office, Silliman University, Philippines; [Academic expertise: Environmental anthropology, marine protected area management, women and gender issues, service-learning, ecotourism, disaster, and resiliency]

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Tajularipin Sulaiman, Faculty of Educational Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang Selangor Malaysia; [Academic expertise: education, psychology, social science]

Dr. Mohamad Yusak Anshori, M.M., Faculty, Management Department, Economics  Business and Digital Technology, Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Surabaya (UNUSA), Surabaya, Indonesia; [Academic expertise: strategic management, marketing, and hospitality business banagement]

Nirwan Idrus, PhD, Consultant, Higher Education Research and Management Consultant, New Zealand; [Academic expertise: education, management, quality assurance, quality in higher education, teaching and learning]

Djuwari Djuwari, PhD, Lecturer, English Department, Faculty of Education and Teacher Training, Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Surabaya (UNUSA), Surabaya, Indonesia; [Academic expertise: education, language, applied linguistics, social science]

Assoc. Prof. Krisda Tanchaisak, PhD, Professor, Institute of International Studies, Ramkhamhaeng University, Thailand; [Academic expertise: research, business administration, education management, communication]

Assoc. Prof. Dao Ngoc Tien, PhD, Professor, School of Economics and International Business, Foreign Trade University, Ha Noi, Vietnam; [Academic expertise: international trade, business, management, education]

Prof. Ma. Cecilia D. Alimen, PhD, Chair, University Research Review Committee, University of San Agustin, Philippines; [Academic expertise: English language and literature, special education, education, social sciences]

Carmen C. Menes, PhD, Head, Research Office and Program Head, Master in Business Administration, La Consolacion College-Bacolod, Philippines; [Academic expertise: business education, business management, social science]

EDITORIAL CONSULTANTS

Jayeel S. Cornelio, PhD, Development Studies Program, Ateneo de Manila University, Philippines; [Academic expertise: religion and public life, youth]

Michael Ryan F. Oducado, Professor, College of Nursing, West Visayas State University; [Academic interest: nursing, mental health]

Paul Quang DuongTran, Ph.D. MSW, MS, Professor, Department of Social Work, College of Health, Human Service, and Nursing, California State University Dominguez Hills, USA; [Academic interest: development studies, health, psychology, social work, social science]

Assoc. Prof. Teay Shawyun, PhD, Consultant, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia; [Academic expertise: business, education, management, informatin systems, information management, quality management, performance management]

Assoc. Prof. Manika Wisessathorn, PhD, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education, Ramkhamhaeng University, Thailand; [Academic expertise: guidance and counseling, health, psychology, social science]

Vicente C. Handa, PhD, Department of Curriculum and Instruction, Reich College of Education, Appalachian State University, Boone, North Carolina, USA.; [Academic expertise: qualitative research, science education, and teacher education]

Prof. Feorillo Petronilo A. Demeterio III, PhD, Filipino Department, De La Salle University, Manila, Philippines; [Academic expertise: education, language, literature, philosophy, religion, religious studies, social science]

Prof. Maria Ana T. Quimbo, PhD, Institute for Governance and Rural Development, College of Public Affairs and Development, University of the Philippines Los Baños, Philippines; [Academic expertise: development studies, education, information technology in education, e-learning, community development, educational psychology, public administration and governance]

Fr. Daniel Franklin Pilario, CM. PhD, St. Vincent School of Theology, Adamson University, Philippines; [Academic expertise: theology, philosphy, social science, history]

Prof. Emmanuel Luis A. Romanillos, Ret. Professor, University of the Philippines-Diliman; [Academic expertise: theology, philosophy, Church history, languages]

Prof. Ma. Florecilla C. Cinches, PhD, Vice President for Research, Extension, Planning, and Innovation, Liceo de Cagayan University; [Academic expertise: education, management, social science]

Genaro V. Japos, PhD, Asean Research Organization/Philippine Association of Institutions for Research; [Academic expertise: education, business, management, health, biodiversity]

Prof. Craig N. Refugio, PhD, Professor, College of Teacher Education, Negros Oriental State University, Philippines; [Academic expertise: emath education, statistics, research design, assessment of learning, educational evaluation, program evaluation, quantitative methods and eduvation technology]

Leomarich F. Casinillo, MS, Department of Mathematics, Visayas State University, Leyte, Philippines; [Academic expertise: discrete mathematics, education, development studies, social science]

Emmanuel Jeric A. Albela, PhD, Department of History, Faculty of Arts and Letters, University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines; [Academic expertise: education, philosophy, history, and social science]

Jose Victor Jimenez, PhD, Department of History, College of Liberal Arts, De La Salle University, Manila, Philippines; [Academic expertise: history, social science]

Jessica Magallon-Avenido, PhD, Graduate School Professor, University of San Jose-Recoletos, Philippines; [Academic expertise: education, religious studies, social science]

Emeliza T. Estimo, PhD,  Research Coordinator, John B. Lacson Colleges Foundation-Bacolod, Philippines; [Academic expertise: education, language, applied linguistics, social science]

Nestor D. Bunda, DTh, BCC, Pastoral Services, Baylor University Medical Center, Baylor Scott & WhiteHealth, Texas, USA; [Academic expertise: theological education, health and spirituality, religion, religious studies, Christianm missions and ecumenics]

Ismael A. Haguisan III, Program Head, College of Business and Management, University of Antique, Philippines; [Academic expertise: business administration, hospitality management, tourism management, human resource management, research]

Joji D. Linaugo, EdD, Education Program Specialist, Department of Education, Schools Division of Bacolod City, Philippines; [ Academic expertise: education, science education, archaeoastronomy]

Noel S. Marañon, RGC, PhD, Faculty of Social Sciences & Coordinator of the Office of Guidance and Counseling Services, Philippine Normal University-Visayas, Philippines; [Academic expertise: research, guidance and counseling, facilitating groups]

Olivia M. Legaspi, PhD, Professor, Professional Education Department of the College of Education, De La Salle University-Dasmariñas, Philippines; [Academic expertise: education, educational management]

Mary Ann Temprosa, PhD, Vice President for Academics/Professor, College of Education, Siquijor State College, Philippines; [Academic expertise: education, language teaching, educational management/administration]

Constantino T. Ballena, PhD, Language and Literature Department, College of Liberal Arts and Communication, De La Salle University-Dasmariñas, Philippines; [Academic expertise: linguistics and philosophy]

Calvin Dave D. Ganub, RGC, PhD, Anchor Counselor, Guidance and Evaluation Center; Professor, Graduate School and Continuing Education, University of St, La Salle, Bacolod City, Philippines; [Academic expertise: psychology, counseling, education, gender studies]

Fr. Deogracias V. Camon, Ph.D., Professor, University of Negros Occidental-Recoletos Graduate School, Philippines; [Academic expertise: theology, religious studies, biblical studies, education]

Chris John S. Bedoria, RGC, RPm, PhD, Guidance Services Specialist, University of the Philippines-Diliman, Philippines; [Academic expertise: psychology, guidance and counseling, mental health, education]

Melona Q. Guitche, PhD, Graduate School, La Consolacion College-Bacolod, Philippines; [Academic expertise: English language teaching, literature, communication, education, leadership, management]

Asst. Professor Paul Danielle P. Labor, Department of Psychology, University of the Philippines-Diliman, Philippines; [Academic expertise: psychology, intergroup relations and conflict, social cognition, emotions, and attitudes, social science]

Paterno Alcartado, PhD, Dean/Professor, College of Education, De La Salle University-Dasmariñas, Philippines; [Academic expertise; education, curriculum, religious education, school community relations, ethics, educational management]

TECHNICAL EDITORS

Marisa B. Petalla, PhD, University of Negros Occidental-Recoletos, Philippines

Ma. Judy B. Legaspi, MAEd, University of Negros Occidental-Recoletos, Philippines

REFERENCE/COPY EDITOR

Joel M. Bual, PhD, University of Negros Occidental-Recoletos, Philippines

EDITORIAL SUPPORT STAFF

Alvin P. Mananquil, University of Negros Occidental-Recoletos, Philippines

Melvin E. Carano-o, Layout Artist