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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines


Manuscripts currently under the consideration by another journal or publisher should not be submitted. The author/s must state upon submission that the work has not been submitted or published elsewhere.

Manuscripts should be submitted/uploaded online. Submissions should be saved on an MS Word. Self-identifying references should be deleted from the text and notes. 

Revisions must be submitted within the time frame set by the Editor.

Authors must fill-out the Declaration Agreement for original contribution and sole responsibility of the author vs. plagiarism, and the hierarchy of authorship (in case of multiple authors).


1. Organize the paper following these major headings:

  • Title, Author(s) and address(es)
  • Abstract (150 words)  with Keywords 
  • Introduction
  • Materials and Methods (for experimental study) or Methodology for the non-experimental study
  • Results and Discussion
  • Conclusions
  • The references should substantially consist of articles published in current content-covered or peer-reviewed journals. Use the newest edition of the American Psychological Association (APA) for format and style.

2. Type the entire manuscript single-spaced on a short white bond paper (8.5x11in) on one side only with 2.5 cm (1 inch) margins all around using a Times New Roman, font size of 12. References, Acknowledgments, Table Titles, and Figure Legends should be typed single-spaced or numbered consecutively on all pages including title page, figures, and tables.

3. Leave two spaces before and after the major headings and two spaces before and after the sub-headings. Do not use footnotes rather use endnotes if required by the discipline.

4. Spell out acronyms or unfamiliar abbreviations when these are mentioned for the first time in the text.

5. Write the scientific names of species completely with author(s) when it is first mentioned in the text and without an author in succeeding references. Scientific names should be written in italics or boldface.

6. Do not spell out numbers unless they are used to start a sentence.

7. Use the metric system only or the International System of Units. Use abbreviations of units only beside numerals (e.g. 6 m); otherwise, spell out the units (e.g. kilometers from here). Do not use plural forms or periods for abbreviations of units. Use the bar for compound units (e.g. 1 kg/ha/yr). Place a zero before the decimal in numbers less than 1 (e.g. 0.25).

8. When preparing Tables and Figures, consider the journal’s printed page of 5.5 in x 8.5 in and the reduction that will be necessary. Titles of Tables should be found on top of the table itself while Captions of Figures should be found right below the figure itself. It has to be as short as possible and understandable without referring to the text.

9. Figures should consist only of simple line drawings, computer-generated graphics or good quality original photographs in a jpeg or png file format that are not enhanced electronically. Label of Figures should be of such a size so that these are still legible even after reducing the size by as much as 50%. Use preferably Adobe Photoshop CS, Adobe InDesign CS and or PDF computer-generated graphics.

10. Cite references in the text as author (year). Writing of et al. in the list of references/ literature cited is discouraged but instead, all the names of authors are mentioned; references in the press as (author, in press) and unpublished reference as (author, unpublished data or author, pers. comm.). If two or more references are cited, arrange them by year.

11. The manuscript should be as concise as the subject and research method permit, generally, 4,000 to 6,000 words, single-spaced.

12. To promote anonymous review, authors should not identify themselves directly or indirectly in their papers or in experimental test instruments included in the submission.

13. A cover page should show the title of the paper, all authors’ names, titles, and affiliations, as well as email addresses.

14. All pages, including tables, appendices, and references, should be serially numbered. Major sections should be numbered, but subsections should not be numbered.

15. Spell out numbers from one to ten, except when used in tables and lists, and when used with mathematical, statistical, scientific, or technical units and quantities, such as distances, weights, and measures.

16. Percentage and Decimal Fractions. In nontechnical copy, use the word percent in the text.

17. Use a hyphen to join unit modifiers or to clarify usage. For example: a cross-sectional-equation; re-form. See Webster’s for correct usage.

18. The abstract must be followed by at least three keywords to assist in indexing the paper and identifying qualified reviewers. Keywords must contain four parts: the discipline of the study, concepts investigated, method/process, and geographic location of study, country, continent.


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