Automated Fruit Classification Using Deep Convolutional Neural Network
Manual Fruit classification is the traditional way of classifying fruits. It is manual contact-labor that is time-consuming and often results in lesser productivity, inconsistency, and sometimes damaging the fruits (Prabha & Kumar, 2012). Thus, new technologies such as deep learning paved the way for a faster and more efficient method of fruit classification (Faridi & Aboonajmi, 2017). A deep convolutional neural network, or deep learning, is a machine learning algorithm that contains several layers of neural networks stacked together to create a more complex model capable of solving complex problems. The utilization of state-of-the-art pre-trained deep learning models such as AlexNet, GoogLeNet, and ResNet-50 was widely used. However, such models were not explicitly trained for fruit classification (Dyrmann, Karstoft, & Midtiby, 2016). The study aimed to create a new deep convolutional neural network and compared its performance to fine-tuned models based on accuracy, precision, sensitivity, and specificity.